Infected mosquitoes spread malaria. The species that spreads malaria tend to bite between dusk and dawn. Distribution and Transmission of Malaria: Malaria is a transmitted disease that affects Africa, South and Central America, Asia and the Middle East. Because mosquitoes prefer humid conditions and need fresh water to breed, there is often a seasonal increase noted particularly in those areas that experience heavy rainfall. Prevention of mosquito bites is the first stage of defence. This includes wearing long sleeve shirts and trousers, using a good mosquito repellent, using mosquito nets while sleeping and being especially careful at dawn and dusk. Malaria tablets are also recommended – there are several different prevention medications that are recommended depending on the countries which you are travelling too. Please feel free to contact us so we can best assist with the necessary travel vaccines. Should you require prescription tablets we are able to arrange this for you. Signs and Symptoms of the incubation period ranges from 2 weeks – 35 days. The disease presents itself with a range of symptoms that may include: Fever, Headache, muscle pain, Malaise, (tiredness), Rigors, (shivering) extreme sweating, Diarrhea, abdominal pain, Dry cough, Jaundice and Anemia. Emergency Treatment: If you develop a fever while travelling or having returned from your trip, it is essential to seek medical advice. Emergency treatments should be carried if you are travelling to remote areas where medical facilities are unavailable.